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By Qingyu Zeng, Ph.D.

June 07, 2021

Container closure integrity (CCI) has been a fundamental core requirement of containment and delivery solutions in the West product portfolio. Container closure systems (CCSs) must maintain both the sterility and stability of pharmaceutical products; very importantly they must be free of microbial contamination. Microbial ingress into a CCS will jeopardize product sterility.